six women refugees making history

six women

six women

Six women refugees making history:

Madeleine Albright
The United States’ first female Secretary of State and the highest-ranking woman in the history of the US government. Her family fled to England with the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia.  Many of the family’s relatives who stayed in Europe, including Albright’s grandparents on both sides, died in concentration camps.
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Nawal El Saadawi
An Egyptian feminist writer, activist, physician and psychiatrist, founder and president of the Arab Women’s Solidarity Association, the Health Education Association, the Egyptian Women Writer’s Association and the co-founder of the Arab Association for Human Rights. In 1991, she was on a death list of Islamic groups, after criticizing Sadat’s regime and sought asylum in the US.
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Michaëlle Jean
a Canadian stateswoman and journalist, a former  Governor General of Canada, who is the third and current Secretary-General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. As a child, Jean fled Haiti with her family to Canada to escape Duvalier’s regime, under which Jean’s father was arrested and tortured in 1965.
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Sima Samar
A human rights advocate, activist and a social worker, who served as Minister of Women’s Affairs of Afghanistan,and  is currently the Chairperson of the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Sudan.  In 1984, four years after her husband disappearance, she fled to neighboring Pakistan, returning nearly a decade later.  
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Rigoberta Menchú
An indigenous Guatemalan woman, who has recieved a Nobel Peace Prize in 1992 for dedicating her life publicizing the rights of Guatemala’s indigenous peoples during and after the Guatemalan Civil War , and promoting indigenous rights in the country. She fled Guatemala in 1981, after various members of her family were tortured and assassinated by the armed forces, and she found refuge across the border in Mexico.
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Loung Ung
A Cambodian-born American human-rights activist, writer and lecturer.  She was five, when the Khmer Rouge overran Cambodia. By 1978, Ung’s parents and two siblings, died due to starvation, disease and executions and Ung was forced to train as a child soldier. In 1980, she escaped with her brother and sister-in-law to a United Nations refugee camp in Thailand. They were resettled as refugees to Vermont in the United States
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