Olympe de Gouges (May 7, 1748 – Nov. 3, 1793)
A French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience. In 1788, she advocated for improving the conditions of slaves in the colonies. In her “Declaration of the Rights of Women and the Female Citizen”, she challenged the practice of male authority and the notion of male-female inequality. She was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror for attacking the regime of the Revolutionary government.
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